Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms can lead to problems at home, work, and school. The negative impact that ADHD can have on personal and professional relationships may be quite devastating.


ADHD is sometimes described as an “Executive Functioning” condition, because the disorder can affect an individual’s ability to plan, organize, remember, follow through, socialize, and self-control. The persistent and prolonged problems that often accompany ADHD can have a negative and significant impact on a person’s ability to function, often negatively impacting self-esteem and personal goal fulfillment. The good news is that there are proven treatment strategies that have the potential to dramatically improve the quality of life of individuals affected by ADHD.


Although there are patterns to ADHD symptoms, the disorder affects individuals in distinctive ways. These differences in symptomatology can make the disorder much more difficult to study, treat, and diagnose. Undoubtedly, the disorder’s complicated manifestation creates confusion, leading some to question if the disorder even exists. Some believe that ADHD without the hyperactivity and impulsivity is a completely different disorder (ADD or ADHD), while others argue that ADHD is a set of many different disorders.


ADHD symptoms may fluctuate from day to day or change over longer periods of time. In some cases, individuals who only had attention problems will begin to experience hyperactivity and impulsivity issues and vice versa. It is common for the hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms in adolescents to “disappear” with age, but often the symptoms took on a different presentation that is more typical of Adult ADHD.


A misdiagnosis is not uncommon, due its numerous, variant, and complex manifestations. For example, individuals with Anxiety, Mood, and Bipolar Disorders may sometimes be diagnosed with ADHD, or visa versa. As many as 75 percent of those with the disorder suffer from a comorbid condition, such as Anxiety Disorder or a Mood Disorder. An accurate diagnosis can be vital to receiving the correct treatment. It is important to work with a competent professionals who understand how to identify and treat ADHD and comorbid conditions.


ADHD is a very complex disorder with many possible causes and symptoms. A “disorder” typically has a common cause and response to treatment. However, ADHD is a symptom cluster rather than the strict definition of a disorder, which is likely the reason why there are so many differences in symptoms and treatment responses among individuals diagnosed with ADHD.